AskDefine | Define turnover

Dictionary Definition



1 the ratio of the number of workers that had to be replaced in a given time period to the average number of workers [syn: employee turnover, turnover rate]
2 made by folding a piece of pastry over a filling
3 the volume measured in dollars; "the store's dollar volume continues to rise" [syn: dollar volume]
4 the act of upsetting something; "he was badly bruised by the upset of his sled at a high speed" [syn: upset, overturn]

User Contributed Dictionary




  1. The act of overturning something
  2. The amount of business transacted in a specified time period
    The company had an annual turnover of $500.000.
  3. The number of times a stock is replaced after being used or sold, a worker is replaced after leaving, or a property changes hands
    Those apartments have a high turnover because they are so close to the railroad tracks.
  4. A pastry consisting of pastry or pie crust around sweet, often fruit filling.
    They served apple turnovers for breakfast.
  5. A loss of possession of the ball without scoring.
    The Nimrods committed a dismaying 23 turnovers en route to another humiliating loss.


rate of change or replacement

Related terms

Extensive Definition

Turnover may refer to:


  • Turnover, in American football occurs when the offense loses possession of the football because of a fumble, interception, or turnover on downs
  • Turnover (basketball), a turnover in basketball occurs when a player from one team gives possession to a member of another team by losing the ball without taking a shot
  • Turnover, in Rugby League occurs when the attacking team is tackled for the 6th time or they lose possession of the ball
  • Turnover, in Rugby Union occurs when the attacking team loses possession of the ball, usually at a Ruck


  • In business:
    • In Europe, turnover is the term for revenue.
    • In the United States of America, turnover is the measure of how quickly inventory is sold. A high turnover means that goods are sold quickly, while a low turnover means that goods are sold more slowly.
  • Turnover (food), a type of pastry
  • Turnover (employment), relative rate at which an employer gains and loses staff
  • Population turnover, in demographics measures gross moves in relation to the size of the population and is related to population mobility
  • Turnover, in cellular biology of certain biomolecules or cells is the rate at which they are lost and/or regenerated through cell division
  • Turnover, in limnology refers to the mixing of upper layers of lake water with lower levels, which usually occurs in the fall; a lack of mixing is a result of temperature gradient that cause density differences
  • Turnover, in running refers to an early or late season workout which loosens the leg muscles and prepares the body for imminent workouts or races. Turnover workouts are not designed to build muscle like mid-season workouts; instead, they allow the legs to heal completely while maintaining flexibility and muscle mass.
  • Turnover number, in chemical kinetics is the number of moles of substrate that a mole of catalyst can convert before becoming inactivated. In enzyme kinetics, the same term is used to refer to the moles of substrate converted by a mole of enzyme per second
  • Turnover is a song by Fugazi from their album Repeater.
turnover in Danish: Turnover
turnover in German: Turnover
turnover in French: Turnover
turnover in Japanese: ターンオーバー

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Danish pastry, French pastry, baklava, bill of sale, blintz, capsizal, capsize, chocolate eclair, cream puff, culbute, demand, dowdy, eclair, market, mass market, outlet, overset, overthrow, overturn, pandowdy, pastry, pasty, patisserie, patty, patty-shell, pie, puff, quiche, reorganization, retail, revolution, rosette, sale, shake-up, somersault, somerset, spill, strudel, subversion, tart, tie-in, timbale, tipsy cake, trifle, upset, upturn, vol-au-vent, wholesale
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